Urology Research & Practice
Original Article

A comparison of efficacies of holmium YAG laser, and pneumatic lithotripsy in the endoscopic treatment of ureteral stones

1.

Department of Urology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey

Urol Res Pract 2014; 40: 138-143
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2014.46548
Read: 1618 Downloads: 1086 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to compare the effectiveness of  holmium YAG laser and pneumatic lithotripsy in the treatment of ureteral stones.

 

Material and methods: A total of 216 patients who had established indications of ureteroscopy between November 2011 and June 2012 were included in this study. Patients’ files were retrospectively reviewed by dividing cases as groups that underwent pneumatic (PL) or laser lithotripsy (LL) procedures. Age, sex, stone burden and localization, duration of follow-up, operative times were evaluated. Stone-free rates were evaluated by ureteroscopical examination, postoperative scout films and ultrasonography.

 

Results: Group PL consisted of 109 and group LL of 107 patients. Median age was 43.93±15.94 years in Group PL and 46.15±14.54 years in Group LL. Male to female ratio, stone burden and localization were similar for both groups. Overall success rate was 89.9% in Group PL and 87.9% in Group LL, respectively (p<0.791). With the aid of additional procedures, success rate was 100% for both groups at the end of the first month. Groups were not different as for operative time, rate of insertion of an ureteral catheter and its removal time. Hospitalization period was apparently somewhat shorter in Group LL (p=0.00).

 

 

Conclusion: Pneumatic lithotripsy can be as efficacious as laser lithotripsy and be used safely in the endoscopic management of ureteral stone. In comparison of both methods, we detected no differences as to operative time, success of operation and the time to removal of the catheter, however, hospitalization period was shorter in Group LL.

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