Urology Research & Practice
TRANSPLANTATION - Original Article

Does the Inverted Kidney Transplantation Technique Promote the Feasibility and Safety of Right Living Donor Nephrectomy?


Clinic for Urology and Kidney Transplantation Center, University Medical School of Martin-Luther-University Halle/ Wittenberg, Germany


Assiut Kidney Transplantation Center, Assiut Urology and Nephrology Hospital, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt


Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt


Endourology Unit, Assiut Urology Hospital, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Urol Res Pract 2022; 48: 303-308
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2022.22108
Read: 718 Downloads: 199 Published: 01 July 2022

Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of right- and left-sided live donor nephrectomies using the inverted kidney transplantation technique for right live donor nephrectomy on transplantation.

Material and methods: A retrospective review was done for the cases of live donor nephrectomy, either as open donor nephrectomy or laparoscopic donor nephrectomy between 2004 and 2019. Inverted kidney transplantation was used with right-sided grafts. The variables of the right- and left-sided live donor nephrectomies were compared.

Results: There were 202 live donor nephrectomies including 71 (35.1%) open donor nephrectomies and 131 (64.9%) laparoscopic donor nephrectomies with 4 cases of conversion to open donor nephrectomy. There were 119 (58.9%) right-sided and 83 (41.1%) left-sided live donor nephrectomies with insignificantly different mean operative time (123 and 127 minutes; P=.09), mean warm ischemia time (82.3 and 84.5 seconds; P=.32), and mean blood loss (73 and 78 mL; P=.18), respectively. Inverted kidney transplantation was performed for 86% of grafts from right live donor nephrectomies. Discharge from hospital was on an average of 4.3 days postoperatively. There were only 3 complications (1 in right live donor nephrectomy and 2 in left live donor nephrectomies) with grade 2 according to Clavien–Dindo Classification. Incidence of delayed graft function (P=.09), transplant vein thrombosis (1 case in each group), 1-year graft survival rate (93.2% vs. 94.8%; P=.12), and 1-year serum creatinine levels (1.4 ± 0.3 vs. 1.3 ± 0.2; P=.09) revealed statistically insignificant differences.

Conclusion: Regardless of the surgical technique, the right live donor nephrectomy seems to be technically as safe as the left live donor nephrectomy for both the donors and the recipients. Using inverted kidney transplantation provided convenient extensions of graft’s vessels to full length with no significant increased incidence of vascular thrombosis

Cite this article as: Mohammed N, Zarzour MA, Abdelgawad AM, Ibrahim HM, Fornara P, Gadelkareem RA. Does the inverted kidney transplantation technique promote the feasibility and safety of right living donor nephrectomy? Turk J Urol. 2022;48(4):303-308.

EISSN 2980-1478