Urology Research & Practice
NEUROUROLOGY - Original Article

Efficacy in Using Urodynamic Parameters of Intravesical Electrical Stimulation for Detrusor Underactivity


Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Persahabatan General Hospital,Jakarta, Indonesia


Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Persahabatan General Hospital - Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Urol Res Pract 2024; 50: 121-126
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2024.23235
Read: 208 Downloads: 82 Published: 31 March 2024

Objective: Intravesical electrical stimulation (IVES) remains a controversial therapy for detrusor underactivity (DUA). The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of IVES in patients with DUA using pre- and post-IVES urodynamic parameters.

Methods: Intravesical electrical stimulation procedure is performed using a specific catheter equipped with an internal electrical electrode (cathode). The anode is subsequently affixed to the lower abdomen (suprapubic). Afterward, this specialized catheter is connected to a stimulator. Patients undergo a series of 12 IVES procedures in 1 month with the following predetermined parameters: 20 mA amplitude, 20 Hz frequency, 200 µs pulse width, and 60 minutes stimulation time. Patients underwent a follow-up urodynamic examination 1 month after the IVES series is completed.

Results: After IVES, several notable changes were observed, including an increase in Qmax from 7.28 ± 5.24 to 7.29 ± 4.09 (P=.030), a decrease in post-void residual (PVR) from 73.03 ± 43.91 to 62.07 ± 39.10 (P=.005), and an increase in PDet@tQmax from 17.10 ± 12.35 to 18.87 ± 12.47 (P=.009). The aetiologies of DUA were categorized into 3 groups: chronic obstruction (CO), idiopathic (Idio), and neurological disorder (ND). The CO group exhibited significant changes in urodynamic parameters, specifically Qmax (P=.001), PVR (P=.001), and PDet@Qmax (P=.035). Similarly, the idiopathic group also demonstrated improvements in Qmax (P=.008), PVR (P=.037), and PDet@ Qmax (P=.033).

Conclusion: Intravesical electrical stimulation has been shown to have a positive effect on patients diagnosed with DUA, particularly those whose DUA is idiopathic or due to chronic obstruction.

Cite this article as: Siregar RAF, Mirza H, Hami Seno W, Purnomo N, Andar Roemare Siregar M, Afriansyah A. Efficacy in using urodynamic parameters of intravesical electrical stimulation for detrusor underactivity. Urol Res Pract. 2024;50(2):121-126.

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