Urology Research & Practice
GENERAL UROLOGY - Original Article

Inferior Alveolar Plus Buccal Nerve Block Decreases Postoperative Pain Scores at Buccal Mucosal Graft Harvest Site: A Retrospective Analysis

1.

Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, India

Urol Res Pract 2023; 49: 329-333
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2023.23080
Read: 679 Downloads: 291 Published: 29 September 2023

Objective: Postoperative pain at buccal mucosal graft (BMG) harvest site hinders the resumption of food intake. We aim to study the effect of inferior-alveolar nerve block plus buccal nerve block (IANB+BNB) on pain scores.

Methods: This was a retrospective case–control study performed in a single center from July 2021 to July 2022 (ethics committee approval: T/IM-NF/Urology/23/27). We performed IANB+BNB with a mixture of 5 mL each of 1% lignocaine and 0.25% bupivacaine and 4 mg dexamethasone, in addition to local infiltration of 2% lignocaine and (1:100000) epinephrine combination before harvesting BMG. We retrospectively compared the recorded postoperative pain scores using the visual analog scale (VAS) among patients who received and did not receive IANB+BNB. The time for resumption of pain-free diets and postoperative analgesic requirements was compared.

Results: The study groups included 20 patients each and were similar in age and graft size. The VAS scores at 0 hours [1.0 (1.25) vs. 2.5 (3.5); P= .043], 6 hours [2.40 (± 0.69) vs. 4.60 (± 0.97); P= .008], 12 hours [2.50 (± 0.97) vs. 4.80 (± 0.92); P= .008], and 24 hours [3.0 (1.25) vs. 4.5 (1.25); P= .002] were better in the intervention arm. However, the pain beyond the second day was similar. The IANB+BNB group resumed solid food quicker, and the cumulative paracetamol dose required was less [8.9 (± 3.03) vs. 16.2 (± 5.06) g; P= .001]. Fewer patients required opioids.

Conclusion: Patients who received IANB+BNB had better pain scores during the first 24 hours following surgery and tolerated solid diet quicker.

Cite this article as: Tarigopula V, Mandal S, Rohith G, Gaur AS, Das MK. Inferior alveolar plus buccal nerve block decreases postoperative pain scores at buccal mucosal graft harvest site: A retrospective analysis. Urol Res Pract. 2023;49(5):329-333.

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