Urology Research & Practice
Original Article

Totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy is feasible in morbidly obese patients


Department of Urology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Urol Res Pract 2017; 43: 162-164
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.03185
Read: 995 Downloads: 712 Published: 25 July 2019


Objective: Regarding technical difficulties that obese body habitus might impose to percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) success and higher risk of peri-operative complications in this group of patients, we decided to retrospectively gather data from our patients during past 8 years to determine the stone free and complication rates.


Material and methods: Between January 2007-December 2015, seventy-eight obese patients with body mass index  over 35 who had indication for PNL including stones larger than 2 cm in pelvi- calyceal system or smaller extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) resistant stones or who were not a fit candidate for ESWL due to increased skin to target distance, with no contraindication of PNL (including bleeding diathesis, inability to be positioned in prone) were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to group 1 (standard PNL with nephrostomy and ureteral stent) or group 2 (totally tubeless PNL with no ureteral stent and no nephrostomy). The outcomes were compared.


Results: The transfusion rate, operation time, and the hemoglobin drop were same across the groups (p>0.05). Total analgesic use was equivalent of 33.8 vs. 14.7 mgs of morphine sulfate (18-77 mg) and was significantly lower in total tubeless group (p=0.001). Return to normal activity was described as total number of in-patient and outpatient days from time of admission to the point which the patients returns to normal life activity such as going to job or school and was 19.4 vs. 9.3 days (6-30 days,  p=0.001).


Conclusion: Totally tubeless PNL in obese subjects would have lower analgesic use and return to normal activity versus standard PNL. Totally tubeless PNL is recommended for obese patients

EISSN 2980-1478