Urology Research & Practice
PEDIATRIC UROLOGY - Original Article

Do Sleep Disorders Influence the Prognosis and the Response to the Therapy in Enuretic Children?

1.

Paediatric Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy

2.

Institute of Pediatrics, Catholic University, Rome, Italy

Urol Res Pract 2023; 49: 59-62
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2023.21356
Read: 506 Downloads: 189 Published: 10 March 2023

Objective: The current study describes the prevalence of sleep disorders in enuretic children, playing as influencing factors in the response to treatment and risk of relapse.

Materials and methods: Data were collected from September 2020 to February 2021 in 114 children aged between 5 and 14 years, with a diagnosis of nocturnal enuresis and concomitant sleep disorders, referred to the Pediatric Unit, Campus BioMedico University, Rome. Enuretic children were subjected to an anamnestic and clinical assessment. Sleep disorders investigated were sleep apnea, sleep talking, snoring, bruxism, restless sleep, and somnambulism. Each patient was subjected both to pharmacological and to non-pharmacological treatments and monitored for 3 months to identify the presence of relapse. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to therapy response, and statistical analysis was performed to evaluate possible variables involved in enuresis relapse.

Results: A high prevalence of sleep disorders was documented: 8/114 children (7%) had sleep apnea, 47/114 (41.2%) had bruxism, 66/114 (57.8%) had snoring, 54/114 (47.3%) had sleep talking, 18/114 (15.7%) had restless sleep. Forty-three of 114 children (37.7%) had relapses: 21/43 (49%) relapses occurred in children with only 1 sleep disorder, while 22/43 (51%) relapses occurred in children with 2 or more sleep disorders. Lower risk of relapses was reported in children subjected to dual therapy.

Conclusion: Sleep disorders were widely associated with nocturnal enuresis, acting as comorbidities in the clinical course of nocturnal enuresis. Combined therapy seems to be associated with a lower rate of relapse of enuresis in a 3-month follow-up. A multidisciplinary approach is required to improve patients’ management.

Cite this article as: Ferrara P, Cammisa I, Zona M, Ottaviani D, Agazzi C, Gatto A. Do sleep disorders influence the prognosis and the response to the therapy in enuretic children? Urol Res Pract., 2023;49(1):59-62.

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